GatsbyJs - Add environment variables

April 20, 2020

Development Environment

  • Create a new file named as .env.development at the root of your project.
  • Add your variable to the newly created file. Example - TEST_KEY=123
  • Change your npm run develop command to set environment.

For Windows -

    "develop": "set GATSBY_ENV=development && gatsby develop"

For Linux -

    "develop": "GATSBY_ENV=development gatsby develop"
  • Restart your dev environment. So Gatsby will load your new env file.
  • You should be able to access your env variables using process.env.TEST_KEY in any js file.

Production Environment

  • Create a new file named as .env.production at the root of your project.
  • Add your variable to the newly created file. Example - TEST_KEY=123
  • Change your npm run build command to set environment.

For Windows -

    "develop": "set GATSBY_ENV=production && gatsby develop"

For Linux -

    "build": "GATSBY_ENV=production gatsby build",

This is only if you want to build on local.

If you are using any providers like Netlify use the Linux version. You will also need to add environment variables in the service provider.

For Netlify it is in Site Settings > Build&Deploy > Environment

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